Scientific Research on Yoga > Special Populations > Institutional/Workplace Populations

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Institutional/Workplace Populations Corporations/Businesses, Schools/Educational Institutions, Healthcare Institutions, Law Enforcement, First Responders, Prisons, Correctional Institutions, Detention Centers, Military, Veterans

Video Spotlight: Yoga in the Workplace

Watch this video to learn more about the research conducted on yoga in the workplace.

Our hope is for yoga schools and yoga teachers to utilize this impactful content in their teachings to promote and highlight yoga's evident multi-faceted ability to improve lives. Let us know how research on yoga is important or valuable to you on social media (@YogaAlliance) or by emailing us at We honor and value your personal experiences and look forward to featuring your stories.

These citations were curated by Yoga Alliance's Director of Yoga Research, Dr. Sat Bir Singh Khalsa.

Review Papers

Review Papers (What's this?)

Yoga and occupational health: integrative review of intervention studies. Mazzoni da Costa F, Greco RM, Costa Alexandre NM.
Rev Bras Med Trab. 2020 Apr 24;16(4):509-519.
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Mindfulness and human occupation: A scoping review.
Goodman V, Wardrope B, Myers S, Cohen S, McCorquodale L, Kinsella EA.
Scand J Occup Ther. 2019 Apr;26(3):157-170
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Yoga in the workplace and health outcomes: a systematic review.
Puerto Valencia LM, Weber A, Spegel H, Bögle R, Selmani A, Heinze S, Herr C.
Occup Med (Lond). 2019 May 25;69(3):195-203.
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The Use of Yoga to Manage Stress and Burnout in Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review.
Cocchiara RA, Peruzzo M, Mannocci A, Ottolenghi L, Villari P, Polimeni A, Guerra F, La Torre G.
J Clin Med. 2019 Feb 26;8(3).
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Mind-Body Therapy for Military Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review.
Cushing RE, Braun KL.
J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Feb;24(2):106-114.
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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Yoga and Mindfulness Meditation in Prison.
Auty KM, Cope A, Liebling A.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2017 May;61(6):689-710.
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Literature Review of Research on Chronic Pain and Yoga in Military Populations.
Miller S, Gaylord S, Buben A, Brintz C, Rae Olmsted K, Asefnia N, Bartoszek M.
Medicines (Basel). 2017 Sep 1;4(3).
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Mind-Body Exercises for Nurses with Chronic Low Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Review.
Budhrani-Shani P, Berry DL, Arcari P, Langevin H, Wayne PM.
Nurs Res Pract. 2016;2016:9018036.
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Prison Meditation Movements and Mass Incarceration.
Lyons T, Cantrell WD.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2016 Sep;60(12):1363-75.
Nurs Res Pract. 2016;2016:9018036.
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Model of yoga intervention in industrial organizational psychology for counterproductive work behavior.
Dwivedi UC, Kumari S, Nagendra HR.
Ind Psychiatry J. 2015 Jul-Dec;24(2):119-24.
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The effectiveness of mindfulness based programs in reducing stress experienced by nurses in adult hospital settings: a systematic review of quantitative evidence protocol.
Botha E, Gwin T, Purpora C.
JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2015 Oct;13(10):21-9.
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A systematic scoping review of complementary and alternative medicine mind and body practices to improve the health of veterans and military personnel.
Elwy AR, Johnston JM, Bormann JE, Hull A, Taylor SL.
Med Care. 2014 Dec;52(12 Suppl 5):S70-82.
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Evidence Map of Yoga for High-Impact Conditions Affecting Veterans [Internet].
Coeytaux RR, McDuffie J, Goode A, Cassel S, Porter WD, Sharma P, Meleth S, Minnella H, Nagi A, Williams JW Jr.
Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2014 Aug.
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Notable Publications

Notable Publications (What's this?)

Holistic Nursing in Practice: Mindfulness-Based Yoga as an Intervention to Manage Stress and Burnout.
Hilcove K, Marceau C, Thekdi P, Larkey L, Brewer MA, Jones K.
J Holist Nurs. 2020 May 27:898010120921587. (preprint)
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Symptoms improve after a yoga program designed for PTSD in a randomized controlled trial with veterans and civilians.
Davis LW, Schmid AA, Daggy JK, Yang Z, O'Connor CE, Schalk N, Do AL, Maric D, Lazarick D, Knock H.
Psychol Trauma. 2020 Apr 20. (preprint)
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Secondary Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Yoga for Veterans with Chronic Low-Back Pain.
Groessl EJ, Liu L, Schmalzl L, Chang DG, McCarthy A, Chun WI, Sinclair C, Bormann JE.
Int J Yoga Therap. 2019 Sep 11. (preprint)
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Effect of Yoga on the Quality of Life of Nurses Working in Intensive Care Units. Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.
Rostami K, Ghodsbin F.
Invest Educ Enferm. 2019 Sep;37(3)
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Imprisoning Yoga: Yoga Practice May Increase the Character Maturity of Male Prison Inmates.
Kerekes N, Brändström S, Nilsson T.
Front Psychiatry. 2019 Jun 13;10:406.
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Effect of yoga on vigilance, self rated sleep and state anxiety in Border Security Force personnel in India.
Telles S, Kala N, Gupta RK, Verma S, Vishwakarma B, Agnihotri S, Gandharva K, Balkrishna A.
Work. 2019;63(2):243-251.
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The Impact of Yoga Nidra and Seated Meditation on the Mental Health of College Professors.
Ferreira-Vorkapic C, Borba-Pinheiro CJ, Marchioro M, Santana D.
Int J Yoga. 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):215-223.
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A Randomized Trial Comparing Effect of Yoga and Exercises on Quality of Life in among nursing population with Chronic Low Back Pain.
Patil NJ, Nagaratna R, Tekur P, Manohar PV, Bhargav H, Patil D.
Int J Yoga. 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):208-214.
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Yoga Practice Reduces the Psychological Distress Levels of Prison Inmates.
Sfendla A, Malmström P, Torstensson S, Kerekes N.
Front Psychiatry. 2018 Sep 3;9:407.
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Increased Mental Well-Being and Reduced State Anxiety in Teachers After Participation in a Residential Yoga Program.
Telles S, Gupta RK, Bhardwaj AK, Singh N, Mishra P, Pal DK, Balkrishna A.
Med Sci Monit Basic Res. 2018 Jul 31;24:105-112.
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Changes in vigilance, self rated sleep and state anxiety in military personnel in India following yoga.
Telles S, Gupta RK, Verma S, Kala N, Balkrishna A.
BMC Res Notes. 2018 Jul 28;11(1):518.
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A 12-week integrative exercise program improves self-reported mindfulness and interoceptive awareness in war veterans with posttraumatic stress symptoms.
Mehling WE, Chesney MA, Metzler TJ, Goldstein LA, Maguen S, Geronimo C, Agcaoili G, Barnes DE, Hlavin JA, Neylan TC.
J Clin Psychol. 2018 Apr;74(4):554-565.
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Effect of traditional yoga, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy, on health related quality of life: a randomized controlled trial on patients on sick leave because of burnout.
Grensman A, Acharya BD, Wändell P, Nilsson GH, Falkenberg T, Sundin Ö, Werner S.
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018 Mar 6;18(1):80.
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The effects of yoga on stress and psychological health among employees: an 8- and 16-week intervention study.
Maddux RE, Daukantaité D, Tellhed U.
Anxiety Stress Coping. 2018 Mar;31(2):121-134.
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Benefits of the Restorative Exercise and Strength Training for Operational Resilience and Excellence Yoga Program for Chronic Low Back Pain in Service Members: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.
Highland KB, Schoomaker A, Rojas W, Suen J, Ahmed A, Zhang Z, Carlin SF, Calilung CE, Kent M, McDonough C, Buckenmaier CC 3rd.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Jan;99(1):91-98.
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Effects of Mind Sound Resonance Technique (Yogic Relaxation) on Psychological States, Sleep Quality, and Cognitive Functions in Female Teachers: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.
Rao M, Metri KG, Raghuram N, Hongasandra NR.
Adv Mind Body Med. 2017 Winter;31(1):4-9.
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Cost-effectiveness of yoga for managing musculoskeletal conditions in the workplace.
Hartfiel N, Clarke G, Havenhand J, Phillips C, Edwards RT.
Occup Med (Lond). 2017 Dec 30;67(9):687-695.
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Yoga for Military Veterans with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
Groessl EJ, Liu L, Chang DG, Wetherell JL, Bormann JE, Atkinson JH, Baxi S, Schmalzl L.
Am J Prev Med. 2017 Nov;53(5):599-608.
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Yoga in Correctional Settings: A Randomized Controlled Study.
Kerekes N, Fielding C, Apelqvist S.
Front Psychiatry. 2017 Oct 16;8:204.
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Prevalence of Mindfulness Practices in the US Workforce: National Health Interview Survey.
Kachan D, Olano H, Tannenbaum SL, Annane DW, Mehta A, Arheart KL, Fleming LE, Yang X, McClure LA, Lee DJ.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2017 Jan 5;14:E01.
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Effect of yoga practices in reducing counterproductive work behavior and its predictors.
Dwivedi U, Kumari S, Nagendra HR.
Indian J Psychiatry. 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):216-9.
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A regular yoga intervention for staff nurse sleep quality and work stress: a randomised controlled trial.
Fang R, Li X.
J Clin Nurs. 2015 Dec;24(23-24):3374-9.
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Well-being at workplace through mindfulness: Influence of Yoga practice on positive affect and aggression.
Dwivedi U, Kumari S, Akhilesh KB, Nagendra HR.
Ayu. 2015 Oct-Dec;36(4):375-379.
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Yoga for Self-Care and Burnout Prevention Among Nurses.
Alexander GK, Rollins K, Walker D, Wong L, Pennings J.
Workplace Health Saf. 2015 Oct;63(10):462-70; quiz 471.
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Effects of Yoga on Stress, Stress Adaption, and Heart Rate Variability Among Mental Health Professionals--A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Lin SL, Huang CY, Shiu SP, Yeh SH.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2015 Aug;12(4):236-45.
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Mindfulness in Motion (MIM): An Onsite Mindfulness Based Intervention (MBI) for Chronically High Stress Work Environments to Increase Resiliency and Work Engagement.
Klatt M, Steinberg B, Duchemin AM.
J Vis Exp. 2015 Jul 1;(101):e52359.
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A small randomized pilot study of a workplace mindfulness-based intervention for surgical intensive care unit personnel: effects on salivary α-amylase levels.
Duchemin AM, Steinberg BA, Marks DR, Vanover K, Klatt M.
J Occup Environ Med. 2015 Apr;57(4):393-9.
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Effect of yoga module on pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in industrial workers of lonavla: a randomized controlled trial.
Rajbhoj PH, Shete SU, Verma A, Bhogal RS.
J Clin Diagn Res. 2015 Feb;9(2):CC01-5.
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Preliminary Evidence That Yoga Practice Progressively Improves Mood and Decreases Stress in a Sample of UK Prisoners.
Bilderbeck AC, Brazil IA, Farias M.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:819183.
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The effect of a yoga intervention on alcohol and drug abuse risk in veteran and civilian women with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Reddy S, Dick AM, Gerber MR, Mitchell K.
J Altern Complement Med. 2014 Oct;20(10):750-6.
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Participation in a 10-week course of yoga improves behavioural control and decreases psychological distress in a prison population.
Bilderbeck AC, Farias M, Brazil IA, Jakobowitz S, Wikholm C.
J Psychiatr Res. 2013 Oct;47(10):1438-45.
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A comparative study of the effects of asan, pranayama and asan-pranayama training on neurological and neuromuscular functions of Pondicherry police trainees.
Trakroo M, Bhavanani AB, Pal GK, Udupa K, Krishnamurthy N.
Int J Yoga. 2013 Jul;6(2):96-103.
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Effect of an office worksite-based yoga program on heart rate variability: outcomes of a randomized controlled trial.
Cheema BS, Houridis A, Busch L, Raschke-Cheema V, Melville GW, Marshall PW, Chang D, Machliss B, Lonsdale C, Bowman J, Colagiuri B.
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Apr 10;13:82.
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Yoga for reducing perceived stress and back pain at work.
Hartfiel N, Burton C, Rycroft-Malone J, Clarke G, Havenhand J, Khalsa SB, Edwards RT.
Occup Med (Lond). 2012 Dec;62(8):606-12.
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A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial.
Strijk JE, Proper KI, van der Beek AJ, van Mechelen W.
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Nov;66(11):1071-8.
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Psychological benefits of yoga in industrial workers.
Bhat PS, Chopra V, Mehta SG, Srivastava K, Kumar SR, Prakash J.
Ind Psychiatry J. 2012 Jul;21(2):98-103.
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Effective and viable mind-body stress reduction in the workplace: a randomized controlled trial.
Wolever RQ, Bobinet KJ, McCabe K, Mackenzie ER, Fekete E, Kusnick CA, Baime M.
J Occup Health Psychol. 2012 Apr;17(2):246-258.
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Effects of sensory-enhanced yoga on symptoms of combat stress in deployed military personnel.
Stoller CC, Greuel JH, Cimini LS, Fowler MS, Koomar JA.
Am J Occup Ther. 2012 Jan-Feb;66(1):59-68.
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