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Yoga Research > Disease and Disorders > Other Mental Health Conditions

Other Mental Health Conditions addictions, substance abuse, trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, neuroses, psychotic conditions, etc.


Other Mental Health Conditions

Below is a list of citations of research articles published in peer-reviewed biomedical journals relevant to the topic on this page. There are two types of citations:

  1. Citations for review, summary, and scientific/clinical hypothesis papers that summarize and analyze the yoga research in this specific area; these are the best resource for becoming familiar with the literature;
  2. Citations of individual study publications that are notable from a historical, scientific, mechanistic, clinical, sociological, epidemiological, philosophical, and/or policy aspect.

Links for many of these citations will take you to the full-text of the publication. Otherwise, in the case of publications copyrighted by the journal, links will take you to abstracts of the publications, and you then can acquire the full text articles by purchasing them directly from the journal, by obtaining free access through a medical library that subscribes to the journal, or by directly requesting them from the corresponding author via email.

Review Papers

Review Papers

Integrative Body-Mind-Spirit (I-BMS) Practices for Schizophrenia: An Outcome Literature Review on Randomized Controlled Trials.
Wang X, Beauchemin J, Liu C, Lee MY.
Community Ment Health J. 2019 Oct;55(7):1135-1146.
[ abstract ]

The effect of mind-body and aerobic exercise on negative symptoms in schizophrenia: A meta-analysis.
Vogel JS, van der Gaag M, Slofstra C, Knegtering H, Bruins J, Castelein S.
Psychiatry Res. 2019 Sep;279:295-305.
[ abstract ]

Meditation-based mind-body therapies for negative symptoms of schizophrenia: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials and meta-analysis.
Sabe M, Sentissi O, Kaiser S.
Schizophr Res. 2019 Aug 1. pii: S0920-9964(19)30310-X.
[ abstract ]

Yoga as an intervention for psychological symptoms following trauma: A systematic review and quantitative synthesis.
Nguyen-Feng VN, Clark CJ, Butler ME.
Psychol Serv. 2019 Aug;16(3):513-523.
[ abstract ]

The Effect of Mind-Body Therapies on Insomnia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Wang X, Li P, Pan C, Dai L, Wu Y, Deng Y.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019 Feb 13;2019:9359807.
[ abstract ]

Role of Yoga and Mindfulness in Severe Mental Illnesses: A Narrative Review.
Sathyanarayanan G, Vengadavaradan A, Bharadwaj B.
Int J Yoga. 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):3-28.
[ abstract ]

Bridging Body and Mind: Considerations for Trauma-Informed Yoga.
Justice L, Brems C, Ehlers K.
Int J Yoga Therap. 2018 Nov;28(1):39-50.
[ abstract ]

Mindful exercise versus non-mindful exercise for schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Li J, Shen J, Wu G, Tan Y, Sun Y, Keller E, Jiang Y, Wu J.
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 Aug;32:17-24.
[ abstract ]

Mind-Body Approaches to Prevention and Intervention for Alcohol and Other Drug Use/Abuse in Young Adults.
Park CL, Russell BS, Fendrich M.
Medicines (Basel). 2018 Jun 27;5(3).
[ full text ]

A systematic review of randomized trials of mind-body interventions for PTSD.
Niles BL, Mori DL, Polizzi C, Pless Kaiser A, Weinstein ES, Gershkovich M, Wang C.
J Clin Psychol. 2018 Sep;74(9):1485-1508.
[ full text ]

Yoga for posttraumatic stress disorder - a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Cramer H, Anheyer D, Saha FJ, Dobos G.
BMC Psychiatry. 2018 Mar 22;18(1):72.
[ full text ]

Role of Yoga in Management of Substance-use Disorders: A Narrative Review.
Kuppili PP, Parmar A, Gupta A, Balhara YPS.
J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2018 Jan-Mar;9(1):117-122.
[ full text ]

Determining Psychoneuroimmunologic Markers of Yoga as an Intervention for Persons Diagnosed With PTSD: A Systematic Review.
Kelly UA, Evans DD, Baker H, Noggle Taylor J.
Biol Res Nurs. 2018 May;20(3):343-351.
[ abstract ]

Yoga for Trauma and Related Mental Health Problems: A Meta-Review With Clinical and Service Recommendations.
Macy RJ, Jones E, Graham LM, Roach L.
Trauma Violence Abuse. 2018 Jan;19(1):35-57.
[ abstract ]

Meditation and yoga for posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials.
Gallegos AM, Crean HF, Pigeon WR, Heffner KL.
Clin Psychol Rev. 2017 Dec;58:115-124.
[ full text ]

Yoga as part of a package of care versus standard care for schizophrenia.
Broderick J, Vancampfort D.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Sep 29;9:CD012145.
[ full text ]

Yoga versus non-standard care for schizophrenia.
Broderick J, Crumlish N, Waugh A, Vancampfort D.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Sep 28;9:CD012052.
[ full text ]

Assessing the Effectiveness of Yoga as a Complementary and Alternative Treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review and Synthesis.
Sciarrino NA, DeLucia C, O'Brien K, McAdams K.
J Altern Complement Med. 2017 Oct;23(10):747-755.
[ abstract ]

Autism and Mind-Body Therapies: A Systematic Review.
Hourston S, Atchley R.
J Altern Complement Med. 2017 May;23(5):331-339.
[ full text ]

Yoga and substance use disorders: A narrative review.
Sarkar S, Varshney M.
Asian J Psychiatr. 2017 Feb;25:191-196.
[ abstract ]

The effect of meditative movement on sleep quality: A systematic review.
Wang F, Eun-Kyoung Lee O, Feng F, Vitiello MV, Wang W, Benson H, Fricchione GL, Denninger JW.
Sleep Med Rev. 2016 Dec;30:43-52.
[ abstract ]

Bending without breaking: A narrative review of trauma-sensitive yoga for women with PTSD.
Nolan CR.
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016 Aug;24:32-40.
[ abstract ]

A heuristic model linking yoga philosophy and self-reflection to examine underlying mechanisms of add-on yoga treatment in schizophrenia.
Rao N, Menon S.
Int Rev Psychiatry. 2016 Jun;28(3):265-72.
[ abstract ]

Bridging the schism of schizophrenia through yoga-Review of putative mechanisms.
Mehta UM, Keshavan MS, Gangadhar BN.
Int Rev Psychiatry. 2016 Jun;28(3):254-64.
[ abstract ]

Relaxation Techniques for Trauma.
Scotland-Coogan D, Davis E.
J Evid Inf Soc Work. 2016 Sep-Oct;13(5):434-41.
[ abstract ]

Yoga versus standard care for schizophrenia.
Broderick J, Knowles A, Chadwick J, Vancampfort D.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Oct 21;(10):CD010554.
[ full text ]

Yoga as the "next wave" of therapeutic modalities for treatment of insomnia.
Kennedy SL.
Int J Yoga Therap. 2014;24:125-9.
[ full text ]

Between inhale and exhale: yoga as an intervention in smoking cessation.
Dai CL, Sharma M.
J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2014 Apr;19(2):144-9.
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Mind-body practices: an alternative, drug-free treatment for smoking cessation? A systematic review of the literature.
Carim-Todd L, Mitchell SH, Oken BS.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Oct 1;132(3):399-410.
[ full text ]

A narrative review of yoga and mindfulness as complementary therapies for addiction.
Khanna S, Greeson JM.
Complement Ther Med. 2013 Jun;21(3):244-52.
[ full text ]

Mind-body practices for posttraumatic stress disorder.
Kim SH, Schneider SM, Kravitz L, Mermier C, Burge MR.
J Investig Med. 2013 Jun;61(5):827-34.
[ full text ]

Mind-body medicine for schizophrenia and psychotic disorders: a review of the evidence.
Helgason C, Sarris J.
Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses. 2013 Oct;7(3):138-48.
[ abstract ]

Yoga for schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Cramer H, Lauche R, Klose P, Langhorst J, Dobos G.
BMC Psychiatry. 2013 Jan 18;13:32.
[ full text ]

Effectiveness of yoga therapy as a complementary treatment for major psychiatric disorders: a meta-analysis.
Cabral P, Meyer HB, Ames D.
Prim Care Companion CNS Disord. 2011; 13(4): PCC.10r01068
[ full text ]

Mind-body interventions for the treatment of insomnia: a review.
Kozasa EH, Hachul H, Monson C, Pinto L Jr, Garcia MC, Mello LE, Tufik S.
Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2010 Dec;32(4):437-43.
[ full text ]

Notable Publications

Notable Publications

Psychological wellness, yoga and quality of life in patients affected by schizophrenia spectrum disorders: A pilot study.
Caponnetto P, Auditore R, Maglia M, Pipitone S, Inguscio L.
Ment Illn. 2019 Jun 17;11(1):8003.
[ full text ]

The use of mind-body medicine among US individuals with sleep problems: analysis of the 2017 National Health Interview Survey data.
Voiß P, Höxtermann MD, Dobos G, Cramer H.
Sleep Med. 2019 Apr;56:151-156.
[ abstract ]

Meals, Mindfulness, & Moving Forward: A feasibility study to a multi-modal lifestyle approach in early psychosis.
Usher C, Thompson A, Griebeler M, Senders A, Seibel C, Ly R, Murchison C, Hagen K, Afong KA, Bourdette D, Ross R, Borgatti A, Shinto L.
Early Interv Psychiatry. 2019 Feb;13(1):147-150.
[ full text ]

Add-on Yoga Therapy for Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study.
Govindaraj R, Naik S, Manjunath NK, Mehta UM, Gangadhar BN, Varambally S.
Int J Yoga. 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):242-244.
[ full text ]

Effect of integrated yoga on anti-psychotic induced side effects and cognitive functions in patients suffering from schizophrenia.
Verma M, Bhargav H, Varambally S, Raghuram N, Bn G.
J Complement Integr Med. 2018 Jun 26;16(1).
[ abstract ]

Yoga reduces the brain's amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations in patients with early psychosis results of a randomized controlled trial.
Lin J, Geng X, Lee EH, Chan SK, Chang WC, Hui CL, Tse M, Chan CL, Khong PL, Honer WG, Chen EY.
Schizophr Res. 2017 Jun;184:141-142.
[ abstract ]

A randomised controlled trial of adjunctive yoga and adjunctive physical exercise training for cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia.
Bhatia T, Mazumdar S, Wood J, He F, Gur RE, Gur RC, Nimgaonkar VL, Deshpande SN.
Acta Neuropsychiatr. 2017 Apr;29(2):102-114.
[ abstract ]

Aerobic exercise and yoga improve neurocognitive function in women with early psychosis.
Lin J, Chan SK, Lee EH, Chang WC, Tse M, Su WW, Sham P, Hui CL, Joe G, Chan CL, Khong PL, So KF, Honer WG, Chen EY.
NPJ Schizophr. 2015 Dec 2;1(0):15047.
[ full text ]

Efficacy of Yoga therapy for the management of psychopathology of patients having chronic schizophrenia.
Paikkatt B, Singh AR, Singh PK, Jahan M, Ranjan JK.
Indian J Psychiatry. 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):355-60.
[ full text ]

Yoga for improving sleep quality and quality of life for older adults.
Halpern J, Cohen M, Kennedy G, Reece J, Cahan C, Baharav A.
Altern Ther Health Med. 2014 May-Jun;20(3):37-46.
[ abstract ]

Frontal hemodynamic responses to high frequency yoga breathing in schizophrenia: a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study.
Bhargav H, Nagendra HR, Gangadhar BN, Nagarathna R.
Front Psychiatry. 2014 Mar 24;5:29.
[ full text ]

Efficacy of yoga as an add-on treatment for in-patients with functional psychotic disorder.
Manjunath RB, Varambally S, Thirthalli J, Basavaraddi IV, Gangadhar BN.
Indian J Psychiatry. 2013 Jul;55(Suppl 3):S374-8.
[ full text ]

Efficacy of yoga therapy on subjective well-being and basic living skills of patients having chronic schizophrenia.
Paikkatt B, Singh AR, Singh PK, Jahan M.
Ind Psychiatry J. 2012 Jul;21(2):109-14.
[ full text ]

Therapeutic efficacy of add-on yogasana intervention in stabilized outpatient schizophrenia: Randomized controlled comparison with exercise and waitlist.
Varambally S, Gangadhar BN, Thirthalli J, Jagannathan A, Kumar S, Venkatasubramanian G, Muralidhar D, Subbakrishna DK, Nagendra HR.
Indian J Psychiatry. 2012 Jul;54(3):227-32.
[ full text ]

Adjunctive cognitive remediation for schizophrenia using yoga: an open, non-randomized trial.
Bhatia T, Agarwal A, Shah G, Wood J, Richard J, Gur RE, Gur RC, Nimgaonkar VL, Mazumdar S, Deshpande SN.
Acta Neuropsychiatr. 2012 Apr 1;24(2):91-100.
[ full text ]

Yoga therapy as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia: a randomized, controlled pilot study.
Visceglia E, Lewis S.
J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Jul;17(7):601-7.
[ abstract ]

Effect of yoga therapy on facial emotion recognition deficits, symptoms and functioning in patients with schizophrenia.
Behere RV, Arasappa R, Jagannathan A, Varambally S, Venkatasubramanian G, Thirthalli J, Subbakrishna DK, Nagendra HR, Gangadhar BN.
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2011 Feb;123(2):147-53.
[ abstract ]

State anxiety, psychological stress and positive well-being responses to yoga and aerobic exercise in people with schizophrenia: a pilot study.
Vancampfort D, De Hert M, Knapen J, Wampers M, Demunter H, Deckx S, Maurissen K, Probst M.
Disabil Rehabil. 2011;33(8):684-9.
[ abstract ]

Yoga therapy as an add-on treatment in the management of patients with schizophrenia--a randomized controlled trial.
Duraiswamy G, Thirthalli J, Nagendra HR, Gangadhar BN.
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2007 Sep;116(3):226-32.
[ abstract ]

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