Yoga Research > Basic Research > Transcendence / Spirituality

Transcendence / Spirituality flow state, life purpose and meaning, values, life satisfaction, transformation, subtle energy, etc.


Below is a list of citations of research articles published in peer-reviewed biomedical journals relevant to the topic on this page. There are two types of citations:

  1. Citations for review, summary, and scientific/clinical hypothesis papers that summarize and analyze the yoga research in this specific area; these are the best resource for becoming familiar with the literature;
  2. Citations of individual study publications that are notable from a historical, scientific, mechanistic, clinical, sociological, epidemiological, philosophical, and/or policy aspect.

Links for many of these citations will take you to the full-text of the publication. Otherwise, in the case of publications copyrighted by the journal, links will take you to abstracts of the publications, and you then can acquire the full text articles by purchasing them directly from the journal, by obtaining free access through a medical library that subscribes to the journal, or by directly requesting them from the corresponding author via email.

Review Papers

Review Papers

Supple bodies, healthy minds: yoga, psychedelics and American mental health.
Richert L, DeCloedt M.
Med Humanit. 2018 Sep;44(3):193-200.
[ full text ]

A Systematic Review of Transcendent States Across Meditation and Contemplative Traditions.
Wahbeh H, Sagher A, Back W, Pundhir P, Travis F.
Explore (NY). 2018 Jan - Feb;14(1):19-35.
[ full text ]

Meditation has stronger relationships with mindfulness, kundalini, and mystical experiences than yoga or prayer.
de Castro JM.
Conscious Cogn. 2015 Sep;35:115-27.
[ abstract ]

Self-transcending meditation is good for mental health: why this should be the case.
Hankey A, Shetkar R.
Int Rev Psychiatry. 2016 Jun;28(3):236-40.
[ abstract ]

The subtle body: an interoceptive map of central nervous system function and meditative mind-brain-body integration.
Loizzo JJ.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2016 Jun;1373(1):78-95.
[ abstract ]

Notable Publications

Notable Publications

Interactions Between Body and Social Awareness in Yoga.
Fiori F, Aglioti SM, David N.
J Altern Complement Med. 2017 Mar;23(3):227-233.
[ abstract ]

The Psychology of Yoga Practitioners: A Cluster Analysis.
Genovese JE, Fondran KM.
Int J Yoga Therap. 2017 Mar 30.
[ full text ]

The relationship between yoga involvement, mindfulness and psychological well-being.
Gaiswinkler L, Unterrainer HF.
Complement Ther Med. 2016 Jun;26:123-7.
[ abstract ]

Processing of proprioceptive and vestibular body signals and self-transcendence in Ashtanga yoga practitioners.
Fiori F, David N, Aglioti SM.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Sep 18;8:734.
[ full text ]

Moving beyond health to flourishing: the effects of yoga teacher training.
Conboy LA, Wilson A, Braun T.
ScientificWorldJournal. 2010 May 4;10:788-95.
[ full text ]

The fourth state of consciousness: the Thuriya Avastha.
Ramamurthi B.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1995 May;49(2):107-10.
[ full text ]

Intense personal experiences: subjective effects, interpretations, and after-effects.
Wilson SR, Spencer RC.
J Clin Psychol. 1990 Sep;46(5):565-73.
[ abstract ]

The "third eye": a psychoendocrine model of hypnotizability.
Leskowitz E.
Am J Clin Hypn. 1988 Jan;30(3):209-15.
[ full text ]

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