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Yoga Research > Basic Research > Psychophysiology

Psychophysiology neurophysiology, endocrinology, neuroimaging, gene expression, immune function, inflammatory physiology, etc.


Psychophysiology

Below is a list of citations of research articles published in peer-reviewed biomedical journals relevant to the topic on this page. There are two types of citations:

  1. Citations for review, summary, and scientific/clinical hypothesis papers that summarize and analyze the yoga research in this specific area; these are the best resource for becoming familiar with the literature;
  2. Citations of individual study publications that are notable from a historical, scientific, mechanistic, clinical, sociological, epidemiological, philosophical, and/or policy aspect.

Links for many of these citations will take you to the full-text of the publication. Otherwise, in the case of publications copyrighted by the journal, links will take you to abstracts of the publications, and you then can acquire the full text articles by purchasing them directly from the journal, by obtaining free access through a medical library that subscribes to the journal, or by directly requesting them from the corresponding author via email.

Review Papers

Review Papers

Yoga and immune system functioning: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Falkenberg RI, Eising C, Peters ML.
J Behav Med. 2018 Aug;41(4):467-482.
[ abstract ]

A systematic review of psychoneuroimmunology-based interventions.
Moraes LJ, Miranda MB, Loures LF, Mainieri AG, Mármora CHC.
Psychol Health Med. 2018 Jul;23(6):635-652.
[ abstract ]

Yogic practices on oxidative stress and of antioxidant level: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Pal R, Gupta N.
J Complement Integr Med. 2017 Oct 25 (preprint)
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What Is the Molecular Signature of Mind-Body Interventions? A Systematic Review of Gene Expression Changes Induced by Meditation and Related Practices.
Buric I, Farias M, Jong J, Mee C, Brazil IA.
Front Immunol. 2017 Jun 16;8:670.
[ full text ]

The embodied mind: A review on functional genomic and neurological correlates of mind-body therapies.
Muehsam D, Lutgendorf S, Mills PJ, Rickhi B, Chevalier G, Bat N, Chopra D, Gurfein B.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2017 Feb;73:165-181.
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A selective review of dharana and dhyana in healthy participants.
Telles S, Singh N, Gupta RK, Balkrishna A.
J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2016 Oct - Dec;7(4):255-260.
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Can yoga therapy stimulate stem cell trafficking from bone marrow?
Shree N, Bhonde RR.
J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2016 Jul - Sep;7(3):181-184.
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Yoga and heart rate variability: A comprehensive review of the literature.
Tyagi A, Cohen M.
Int J Yoga. 2016 Jul-Dec;9(2):97-113.
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Yoga research review.
Field T.
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016 Aug;24:145-61.
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Nasal airflow and brain activity: is there a link?
Price A, Eccles R.
J Laryngol Otol. 2016 Sep;130(9):794-9.
[ abstract ]

Yoga for Heart Rate Variability: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials.
Posadzki P, Kuzdzal A, Lee MS, Ernst E.
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2015 Sep;40(3):239-49.
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Is one yoga style better than another? A systematic review of associations of yoga style and conclusions in randomized yoga trials.
Cramer H, Lauche R, Langhorst J, Dobos G.
Complement Ther Med. 2016 Apr;25:178-87.
[ abstract ]

Neurophysiological and neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the effects of yoga-based practices: towards a comprehensive theoretical framework.
Schmalzl L, Powers C, Henje Blom E.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2015 May 8;9:235.
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Meditation and Yoga can Modulate Brain Mechanisms that affect Behavior and Anxiety-A Modern Scientific Perspective.
Krishnakumar D, Hamblin MR, Lakshmanan S.
Anc Sci. 2015 Apr;2(1):13-19.
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The Meditative Mind: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of MRI Studies.
Boccia M, Piccardi L, Guariglia P.
Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:419808.
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How does yoga reduce stress? A systematic review of mechanisms of change and guide to future inquiry.
Riley KE, Park CL.
Health Psychol Rev. 2015;9(3):379-96
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Meditation reduces pain-related neural activity in the anterior cingulate cortex, insula, secondary somatosensory cortex, and thalamus.
Nakata H, Sakamoto K, Kakigi R.
Front Psychol. 2014 Dec 16;5:1489.
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Disentangling the neural mechanisms involved in Hinduism- and Buddhism-related meditations.
Tomasino B, Chiesa A, Fabbro F.
Brain Cogn. 2014 Oct;90:32-40.
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Role of yoga and meditation in the context of dysfunctional self: a hypothetico-integrative approach.
Singh Y, Goel A, Kathrotia R, Patil PM.
Adv Mind Body Med. 2014 Summer;28(3):22-5.
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The effects of mind-body therapies on the immune system: meta-analysis.
Morgan N, Irwin MR, Chung M, Wang C.
PLoS One. 2014 Jul 2;9(7):e100903.
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Regulation of gene expression by yoga, meditation and related practices: a review of recent studies.
Saatcioglu F.
Asian J Psychiatr. 2013 Feb;6(1):74-7.
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How Might Yoga Work? An Overview of Potential Underlying Mechanisms.
McCall MC.
J Yoga Phys Ther. 2013 3:1.
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Effects of yoga on the autonomic nervous system, gamma-aminobutyric-acid, and allostasis in epilepsy, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Streeter CC, Gerbarg PL, Saper RB, Ciraulo DA, Brown RP.
Med Hypotheses. 2012 May;78(5):571-9.
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Mechanisms of yogic practices in health, aging, and disease.
Kuntsevich V, Bushell WC, Theise ND.
Mt Sinai J Med. 2010 Sep-Oct;77(5):559-69.
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Protection throughout the life span: the psychoneuroimmunologic impact of Indo-Tibetan meditative and yogic practices.
Olivo EL.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Aug;1172:163-71.
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Yogic exercises and health--a psycho-neuro immunological approach.
Kulkarni DD, Bera TK.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009 Jan-Mar;53(1):3-15.
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Yoga breathing, meditation, and longevity.
Brown RP, Gerbarg PL.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Aug;1172:54-62.
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Yogic exercises and health--a psycho-neuro immunological approach.
Kulkarni DD, Bera TK.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009 Jan-Mar;53(1):3-15.
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A review of the literature examining the physiological processes underlying the therapeutic benefits of Hatha yoga.
Dunn KD.
Adv Mind Body Med. 2008 Fall;23(3):10-8.
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Modulation of immune responses in stress by Yoga.
Arora S, Bhattacharjee J.
Int J Yoga. 2008 Jul;1(2):45-55.
[ full text ]

Notable Publications

Notable Publications

Greater Anteroposterior Default Mode Network Functional Connectivity in Long-Term Elderly Yoga Practitioners.
Santaella DF, Balardin JB, Afonso RF, Giorjiani GM, Sato JR, Lacerda SS, Amaro E Jr, Lazar S, Kozasa EH.
Front Aging Neurosci. 2019 Jul 2;11:158.
[ full text ]

Mind-Body Practices and the Self: Yoga and Meditation Do Not Quiet the Ego but Instead Boost Self-Enhancement.
Gebauer JE, Nehrlich AD, Stahlberg D, Sedikides C, Hackenschmidt A, Schick D, Stegmaier CA, Windfelder CC, Bruk A, Mander J.
Psychol Sci. 2018 Aug;29(8):1299-1308.
[ abstract ]

Differences in Brain Structure and Function Among Yoga Practitioners and Controls.
Gothe NP, Hayes JM, Temali C, Damoiseaux JS.
Front Integr Neurosci. 2018 Jun 22;12:26.
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Meditation and yoga practice are associated with smaller right amygdala volume: the Rotterdam study.
Gotink RA, Vernooij MW, Ikram MA, Niessen WJ, Krestin GP, Hofman A, Tiemeier H, Hunink MGM.
Brain Imaging Behav. 2018 Feb 7. doi: 10.1007/s11682-018-9826-z.
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Yoga, Meditation and Mind-Body Health: Increased BDNF, Cortisol Awakening Response, and Altered Inflammatory Marker Expression after a 3-Month Yoga and Meditation Retreat.
Cahn BR, Goodman MS, Peterson CT, Maturi R, Mills PJ.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2017 Jun 26;11:315.
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Preliminary indications of the effect of a brief yoga intervention on markers of inflammation and DNA methylation in chronically stressed women.
Harkess KN, Ryan J, Delfabbro PH, Cohen-Woods S.
Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Nov 29;6(11):e965.
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Increased Grey Matter Associated with Long-Term Sahaja Yoga Meditation: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study.
Hernández SE, Suero J, Barros A, González-Mora JL, Rubia K.
PLoS One. 2016 Mar 3;11(3):e0150757.
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Neuroprotective effects of yoga practice: age-, experience-, and frequency-dependent plasticity.
Villemure C, Čeko M, Cotton VA, Bushnell MC.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2015 May 12;9:281.
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Slow breathing and hypoxic challenge: cardiorespiratory consequences and their central neural substrates.
Critchley HD, Nicotra A, Chiesa PA, Nagai Y, Gray MA, Minati L, Bernardi L.
PLoS One. 2015 May 14;10(5):e0127082.
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Association of leukocyte telomere length with oxidative stress in yoga practitioners. Krishna BH, Keerthi GS, Kumar CK, Reddy NM.
J Clin Diagn Res. 2015 Mar;9(3):CC01-3.
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Relaxation response induces temporal transcriptome changes in energy metabolism, insulin secretion and inflammatory pathways.
Bhasin MK, Dusek JA, Chang BH, Joseph MG, Denninger JW, Fricchione GL, Benson H, Libermann TA.
PLoS One. 2013 May 1;8(5):e62817.
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Greater widespread functional connectivity of the caudate in older adults who practice kripalu yoga and vipassana meditation than in controls.
Gard T, Taquet M, Dixit R, Hölzel BK, Dickerson BC, Lazar SW.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2015 Mar 16;9:137.
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Rapid gene expression changes in peripheral blood lymphocytes upon practice of a comprehensive yoga program.
Qu S, Olafsrud SM, Meza-Zepeda LA, Saatcioglu F.
PLoS One. 2013 Apr 17;8(4):e61910.
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Yogic meditation reverses NF-κB and IRF-related transcriptome dynamics in leukocytes of family dementia caregivers in a randomized controlled trial.
Black DS, Cole SW, Irwin MR, Breen E, St Cyr NM, Nazarian N, Khalsa DS, Lavretsky H.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Mar;38(3):348-55.
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Adiponectin, leptin, and yoga practice.
Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Christian LM, Andridge R, Hwang BS, Malarkey WB, Belury MA, Emery CF, Glaser R.
Physiol Behav. 2012 Dec 5;107(5):809-13.
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Effects of yoga versus walking on mood, anxiety, and brain GABA levels: a randomized controlled MRS study.
Streeter CC, Whitfield TH, Owen L, Rein T, Karri SK, Yakhkind A, Perlmutter R, Prescot A, Renshaw PF, Ciraulo DA, Jensen JE.
J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Nov;16(11):1145-52.
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Stress, inflammation, and yoga practice.
Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Christian L, Preston H, Houts CR, Malarkey WB, Emery CF, Glaser R.
Psychosom Med. 2010 Feb;72(2):113-21.
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Longevity: potential life span and health span enhancement through practice of the basic yoga meditation regimen.
Bushell WC.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Aug;1172:20-7.
[ abstract ]

Increased dopamine tone during meditation-induced change of consciousness.
Kjaer TW, Bertelsen C, Piccini P, Brooks D, Alving J, Lou HC.
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2002 Apr;13(2):255-9.
[ abstract ]

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