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Yoga Research > Basic Research > Physical Health and Performance

Physical Health and Performance musculoskeletal functioning, neuromuscular functioning, cardiovascular functioning, neuroendocrine functioning, respiratory functioning, balance and coordination, sleep, sports performance, etc.


Physical Health and Performance

Below is a list of citations of research articles published in peer-reviewed biomedical journals relevant to the topic on this page. There are two types of citations:

  1. Citations for review, summary, and scientific/clinical hypothesis papers that summarize and analyze the yoga research in this specific area; these are the best resource for becoming familiar with the literature;
  2. Citations of individual study publications that are notable from a historical, scientific, mechanistic, clinical, sociological, epidemiological, philosophical, and/or policy aspect.

Links for many of these citations will take you to the full-text of the publication. Otherwise, in the case of publications copyrighted by the journal, links will take you to abstracts of the publications, and you then can acquire the full text articles by purchasing them directly from the journal, by obtaining free access through a medical library that subscribes to the journal, or by directly requesting them from the corresponding author via email.

Review Papers

Review Papers

Effects of yogic breath regulation: A narrative review of scientific evidence.
Saoji AA, Raghavendra BR, Manjunath NK.
J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2019 Jan - Mar;10(1):50-58.
[ full text ]

The Effects of Thai Yoga on Physical Fitness: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Control Trials.
Kongkaew C, Lertsinthai P, Jampachaisri K, Mongkhon P, Meesomperm P, Kornkaew K, Malaiwong P.
J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Jun;24(6):541-551
[ abstract ]

Effects of Bhramari Pranayama on health - A systematic review.
Kuppusamy M, Kamaldeen D, Pitani R, Amaldas J, Shanmugam P.
J Tradit Complement Med. 2017 Mar 18;8(1):11-16.
[ full text ]

Hypoxia in CNS Pathologies: Emerging Role of miRNA-Based Neurotherapeutics and Yoga Based Alternative Therapies.
Minhas G, Mathur D, Ragavendrasamy B, Sharma NK, Paanu V, Anand A.
Front Neurosci. 2017 Jul 11;11:386.
[ full text ]

Effects of Mindfulness Practice on Performance-Relevant Parameters and Performance Outcomes in Sports: A Meta-Analytical Review.
Bühlmayer L, Birrer D, Röthlin P, Faude O, Donath L.
Sports Med. 2017 Nov;47(11):2309-2321.
[ abstract ]

The hypotensive effect of Yoga's breathing exercises: A systematic review.
Brandani JZ, Mizuno J, Ciolac EG, Monteiro HL.
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 Aug;28:38-46.
[ abstract ]

Anatomical Correlation of Core Muscle Activation in Different Yogic Postures.
Rathore M, Trivedi S, Abraham J, Sinha MB.
Int J Yoga. 2017 May-Aug;10(2):59-66.
[ full text ]

Effects of Various Prāṇāyāma on Cardiovascular and Autonomic Variables.
Nivethitha L, Mooventhan A, Manjunath NK.
Anc Sci Life. 2016 Oct-Dec;36(2):72-77.
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A Systematic Review of the Energy Cost and Metabolic Intensity of Yoga.
Larson-Meyer DE.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 Aug;48(8):1558-69.
[ full text ]

Yoga and physical exercise - a review and comparison.
Govindaraj R, Karmani S, Varambally S, Gangadhar BN.
Int Rev Psychiatry. 2016 Jun;28(3):242-53.
[ abstract ]

Rhythmic breathing: immunological, biochemical, and physiological effects on health.
Sharma P, Thapliyal A, Chandra T, Singh S, Baduni H, Waheed SM.
Adv Mind Body Med. 2015 Winter;29(1):18-25.
[ full text ]

Role of respiration in mind-body practices: concepts from contemporary science and traditional yoga texts.
Telles S, Singh N, Balkrishna A.
Front Psychiatry. 2014 Nov 25;5:167.
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A systematic review of yoga for balance in a healthy population.
Jeter PE, Nkodo AF, Moonaz SH, Dagnelie G.
J Altern Complement Med. 2014 Apr;20(4):221-32.
[ full text ]

Defining yoga-nidra: traditional accounts, physiological research, and future directions.
Parker S, Bharati SV, Fernandez M.
Int J Yoga Therap. 2013;23(1):11-6.
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Meditative movement for respiratory function: a systematic review.
Lorenc AB, Wang Y, Madge SL, Hu X, Mian AM, Robinson N.
Respir Care. 2014 Mar;59(3):427-40.
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Sudarshan kriya yoga: Breathing for health.
Zope SA, Zope RA.
Int J Yoga. 2013 Jan;6(1):4-10.
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The effects of regular yoga practice on pulmonary function in healthy individuals: a literature review.
Abel AN, Lloyd LK, Williams JS.
J Altern Complement Med. 2013 Mar;19(3):185-90.
[ abstract ]

Notable Publications

Notable Publications

Effect of Yoga practice on reducing cognitive-motor interference for improving dynamic balance control in healthy adults.
Subramaniam S, Bhatt T.
Complement Ther Med. 2017 Feb;30:30-35.
[ abstract ]

Post-training Meditation Promotes Motor Memory Consolidation.
Immink MA.
Front Psychol. 2016 Nov 1;7:1698. eCollection 2016.
[ full text ]

Effects of yoga practice on muscular endurance in young women.
Shiraishi JC, Bezerra LM.
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016 Feb;22:69-73.
[ abstract ]

Impact of 10-weeks of yoga practice on flexibility and balance of college athletes.
Polsgrove MJ, Eggleston BM, Lockyer RJ.
Int J Yoga. 2016 Jan-Jun;9(1):27-34.
[ full text ]

Ashtanga-Based Yoga Therapy Increases the Sensory Contribution to Postural Stability in Visually-Impaired Persons at Risk for Falls as Measured by the Wii Balance Board: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.
Jeter PE, Haaz Moonaz S, Bittner AK, Dagnelie G.
PLoS One. 2015 Jun 24;10(6):e0129646.
[ full text ]

Effects of a 12-Week Hatha Yoga Intervention on Cardiorespiratory Endurance, Muscular Strength and Endurance, and Flexibility in Hong Kong Chinese Adults: A Controlled Clinical Trial.
Lau C, Yu R, Woo J.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:958727.
[ full text ]

Positive effect of yoga on cardiorespiratory fitness: A pilot study.
Sovová E, Čajka V, Pastucha D, Malinčíková J, Radová L, Sovová M.
Int J Yoga. 2015 Jul-Dec;8(2):134-8.
[ full text ]

Anthropometric and physiologic profiles of female professional yoga practitioners and energy expenditure during asanas execution.
Cè E, Maggioni MA, Boniello S, Veicsteinas A, Merati G.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2015 Jan-Feb;55(1-2):51-7.
[ abstract ]

Hatha yoga on body balance.
Prado ET, Raso V, Scharlach RC, Kasse CA.
Int J Yoga. 2014 Jul;7(2):133-7.
[ full text ]

Yoga and psychophysiological determinants of cardiovascular health: comparing yoga practitioners, runners, and sedentary individuals.
Satin JR, Linden W, Millman RD.
Ann Behav Med. 2014 Apr;47(2):231-41.
[ abstract ]

Hatha yoga practices: energy expenditure, respiratory changes and intensity of exercise.
Ray US, Pathak A, Tomer OS.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:241294.
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The health benefits of yoga and exercise: a review of comparison studies.
Ross A, Thomas S.
J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Jan;16(1):3-12.
[ abstract ]

Subjective Sleep Quality and hormonal modulation in long-term yoga practitioners.
Vera FM, Manzaneque JM, Maldonado EF, Carranque GA, Rodriguez FM, Blanca MJ, Morell M.
Biol Psychol. 2009 Jul;81(3):164-8.
[ abstract ]

The metabolic cost of hatha yoga.
Clay CC, Lloyd LK, Walker JL, Sharp KR, Pankey RB.
J Strength Cond Res. 2005 Aug;19(3):604-10.
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Training to yoga respiration selectively increases respiratory sensation in healthy man.
Villien F, Yu M, Barthélémy P, Jammes Y.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2005 Mar;146(1):85-96.
[ abstract ]

The effects of yoga training and a single bout of yoga on delayed onset muscle soreness in the lower extremity.
Boyle CA, Sayers SP, Jensen BE, Headley SA, Manos TM.
J Strength Cond Res. 2004 Nov;18(4):723-9.
[ full text ]

Yoga and chemoreflex response to hypoxia and hypercapnia.
Spicuzza L, Gabutti A, Porta C, Montano N, Bernardi L.
Lancet. 2000 Oct 28;356(9240):1495-6. Erratum in: Lancet 2000 Nov 4;356(9241):1612.
[ abstract ]

Effects of high-frequency breathing on pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange.
Frostell C, Pande JN, Hedenstierna G.
J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 1983 Dec;55(6):1854-61.
[ full text ]

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